[vc_row margin_top=”0″ margin_bottom=”0″ padding_left=”40″ padding_right=”40″ bg_position=”top” bg_repeat=”no-repeat” bg_cover=”false” bg_attachment=”false” padding_top=”40″ padding_bottom=”40″ parallax_speed=”0.1″][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_custom_heading text=” Birth Control & STDs

” font_container=”tag:h2|text_align:left” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][dt_gap height=”20″][dt_gap height=”10″][vc_column_text]Sexually transmitted disease (STD, also known as sexually transmitted infection [STI] or venereal disease [VD]) is a term used to describe over 20 different infections that are transmitted via sexual contact through semen, blood, and/or other body fluids; or in other words, by direct contact with the infected body part of a person with an STD.

Some facts regarding STDs:

  • STDs are either bacterial (e.g. chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, vaginitis), or viral (e.g. HIV, HPV, herpes, hepatitis) [2. Go Ask Alice!. (1999, November 19). Is there a difference between bacterial and viral STIs? | Go Ask Alice!. Retrieved from http://goaskalice.columbia.edu/there-difference-between-bacterial-and-viral-stis]
  • Half of sexually active young people will get an STD by age 25
  • Most people with an STD don’t know they even have it
  • STDs are very common – each year there are over 19 million new cases diagnosed in the US.
  • Left untreated, STDs may cause infertility and even cancer. 1
  • HPV is the most common STD (over 50% of those who are sexually active will get this infection) and no method fully protects against its transmission
  • All STDs are treatable, however not all are curable.
  • There is no single contraceptive method that will protect 100% from STDs.2

What is the effectiveness of these birth control methods in preventing STDs?[2. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2012, November 30). Can contraception reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?. Retrieved from http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/contraception/conditioninfo/Pages/std-prevention.aspx]

Condoms (latex or polyurethane)

  • Usually protect against bacterial and viral infections, but not HPV

Spermicides

  • Not protective against bacterial infections; increase the risk of HIV

Diaphragm

  • Protect against cervical infection and tumors; may facilitate an overgrowth of vaginal bacteria

Oral Contraceptives/Hormonal Methods

  • Increase the risk of chlamydia and gonorrhea, and increase the risk of HIV

Withdrawal

  • Slight protection against both bacterial and viral infections

Reducing your risk of contracting an STD is essential to your health.

The best way to prevent getting an STD is to practice abstinence.

“A reliable way to avoid transmission of STDs is to abstain from oral, vaginal, and anal sex or to be in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. For persons who are being treated for an STD (or whose partners are undergoing treatment), counseling that encourages abstinence from sexual intercourse until completion of the entire course of medication is crucial. For persons embarking on a mutually monogamous relationship, screening for common STDs before initiating sex might reduce the risk for future disease transmission.”3

~ Statement released by the Center for Disease Control.

[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”10″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1435004614104{margin-left: 50px !important;}”][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][dt_gap height=”10″][dt_gap height=”10″][vc_single_image image=”2148″ border_color=”grey” img_link_target=”_self” img_size=”full”][dt_gap height=”10″][vc_custom_heading text=”815.408.0793
” font_container=”tag:h3|text_align:left” google_fonts=”font_family:PT%20Sans%3Aregular%2Citalic%2C700%2C700italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_column_text]Schedule a Private Consultation with our patient care team today. Call or text from 7am to 7pm.[/vc_column_text][dt_gap height=”10″][dt_button link=”http://whiteoakwomenscenter.com/schedule-an-appointment/” target_blank=”false” size=”big” animation=”none” icon_align=”left”]Request an Appointment[/dt_button][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row margin_top=”0″ margin_bottom=”0″ padding_left=”40″ padding_right=”40″ bg_position=”top” bg_repeat=”no-repeat” bg_cover=”false” bg_attachment=”false” padding_top=”40″ padding_bottom=”40″ parallax_speed=”0.1″][vc_column width=”1/1″][dt_gap height=”20″][dt_gap height=”20″][dt_divider style=”thick”][vc_custom_heading text=”References” font_container=”tag:h6|text_align:left” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][dt_gap height=”10″][/vc_column][/vc_row]

References

  1. Contracept. (n.d.). STD Prevention and Birth Control. Retrieved from http://www.contracept.org/stds.php
  2. STD Facts: Shocking Statistics You May Not Know About STDs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/16/std-facts_n_1282151.html
  3. Center for Disease Control. (2010). Sexually Transmitted Diseases (RR-12). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/STD-Treatment-2010-RR5912.pdf